Glaucoma is a set of eye conditions that are caused by the optic nerve becoming damaged. Often, this damage comes from the eye having too much pressure. It is the most common reason for blindness in those over 60, though it can occur at any age. Some types of glaucoma come without symptoms, especially in the beginning. To find out whether you have glaucoma, call Caroline Robison Optometry for a complete eye exam with our optometrist, Dr. Robison.
The Causes of Glaucoma
As the optic nerve becomes damaged and deteriorates, patients begin to get blind spots. The nerve damage is usually caused by increased eye pressure from the inside. Fluid, known as aqueous humor, is located inside your eye. There is a tissue that is supposed to drain this fluid where the cornea and iris meet. This trabecular meshwork tissue can stop working properly, and this leads to a buildup of this fluid inside the eye. Sometimes, the aqueous humor is simply overproduced, also leading to high eye pressure.
When pressure builds inside the eye, it begins to damage the optic nerve, located just behind the eye. Glaucoma tends to be genetic and runs in families. There are specific genes that are related to both excessive eye pressure and damage to the optic nerve.
Symptoms of Glaucoma
When it comes to the symptoms of glaucoma, a lot depends on the type you have and which stage it is in. Depending on those two factors, you may have symptoms such as blind spots in either your central or side vision or tunnel vision. You may also have nausea, serious headaches, pain in your eyes, blurry vision, vomiting, red eyes, or seeing halos around light sources. You may not experience these symptoms until the condition has progressed significantly.
Get Tested Regularly
One reason that it is so important to get your annual eye exam from an eye doctor is that it is imperative to catch glaucoma before it becomes worse. If some of your vision has been lost due to the condition, that sight cannot be regained. Receive a full eye exam every year to test for this and other serious eye conditions and diseases.
Make Your Appointment Today!
If you live in Ridgecrest, Tehachapi, or the surrounding area, schedule an appointment at one of our offices for an eye exam. At Caroline Robison Optometry, our eye doctor will perform several tests to ensure that your eyes are healthy.